NURS FPX 5005 Assessment 2 Quantitative and Qualitative Research Publication Critique

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NURS FPX 5005 Assessment 2 Quantitative and Qualitative Research Publication Critique

NURS FPX 5005 Assessment 2 Quantitative and Qualitative Research Publication Critique

Name

Capella university

NURS-FPX 5005 Introduction to Nursing Research, Ethics, and Technology

Prof. Name

Date

Quantitative and Qualitative Research Publication Critique

Strengths and Weaknesses of the Quantitative Research Study

The quantitative research study titled “The Impact of Activity Mediation on Diminishing the Fall Hazard in More seasoned Grown-ups: A Meta-Examination of Randomized Controlled Preliminaries” employs a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs). This study investigates the effects of exercise interventions on reducing falls among older adults through a comprehensive meta-analysis approach. Falls among individuals aged over 65 present significant concerns due to their potential for physical injuries, disabilities, and associated economic burdens. The study underscores the imperative to address this issue among older adults given its severe ramifications.

The research incorporates randomized controlled trials concerning exercise interventions for older patients, adhering to the Cochrane Collaboration Convention guidelines for data evaluation. It encompasses various facets of exercise interventions, including type, duration, and frequency. The authors employ a rigorous methodology, including thorough searches of reputable databases for data collection. Moreover, they utilize the Pedro scale, a quality assessment tool, to evaluate the included articles. Statistical analysis is conducted using appropriate software, particularly Revman, to compute the Normalized Mean Difference. With a sample size of 648 subjects, the study’s conclusions can be deemed robust, reflecting a strength of the research.

NURS FPX 5005 Assessment 2 Quantitative and Qualitative Research Publication Critique

In summary, the study contributes robust evidence supporting the effectiveness of exercise interventions in reducing falls among older adults. Its strengths include a comprehensive scope, rigorous methodology based on meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials, clear findings indicating positive intervention effects, and practical implications regarding exercise frequency and intensity.

However, there are weaknesses to acknowledge. The trials may not fully capture the intervention’s effects on falls among older patients. Additionally, the study does not consider comorbidities, economic circumstances, and readiness of older individuals, which could influence the results. Furthermore, reliance on self-reported data introduces some uncertainty regarding the conclusions. To enhance the research, a comparison of the proposed intervention with other fall prevention strategies for older adults could have been incorporated.

Ethical Implications

Ethical considerations are paramount in healthcare research to safeguard the rights, safety, and well-being of participants. These considerations encompass protection from excessive risks, informed consent, and respect for autonomy. Ethical standards not only ensure participant welfare but also bolster the credibility of research, fostering public trust in healthcare practices (Bhandari, 2021).

In this critique, while informed consent is not applicable since the research is based on analyzing existing articles, ethical implications pertain to ensuring equitable access to safe interventions for reducing fall risks among older adults. The Belmont principles, emphasizing respect for individuals, beneficence, and justice, play a pivotal role in ethical standards (Parker et al., 2019).

According to the Belmont principle of respect, every individual should be treated as an autonomous agent, ensuring equal protection. The principle of beneficence seeks to promote the well-being of all individuals without causing harm. Additionally, the principle of justice ensures fairness in resource and service distribution based on unique needs and efforts. All research analyzed in this critique focuses on safe exercise interventions, ensuring participant safety. Moreover, the interventions used in the research should align with participants’ needs and physical capabilities. Notably, the research primarily involves healthy participants, with no mention of those with underlying health issues.

Significance of the Research Problem

The quantitative research addresses the pressing issue of falls among older patients, which holds significant importance due to its severe impact on patients’ health and the economy. Falls among the elderly can lead to serious injuries, disabilities, or even death, resulting in reduced mobility, independence, and quality of life (Vaishya & Vaish, 2020). Falls can also contribute to mental distress in older individuals, exacerbating physical harm. Approximately 30% of individuals over 65 experience falls annually, with healthcare costs estimated at nearly $50 billion per year (Florence et al., 2018). Therefore, addressing this issue through various interventions is imperative.

Evaluation of Quantitative Study

Quantitative research furnishes valuable data to inform decisions concerning older patients. The research demonstrates the efficacy of exercise interventions for older patients. Healthcare providers can integrate exercise-based interventions into their care protocols to mitigate fall risks among older adults. This research offers evidence-based practices that can be incorporated into healthcare policies, advocating for further research to explore the intervention’s efficacy in diverse economic contexts. Utilizing this research as evidence-based practice can enhance the quality of life for older patients and prevent physical and mental harm associated with falls. Nonetheless, the study could be refined by comparing the proposed intervention with other fall prevention strategies and incorporating patient perspectives and economic factors.

Strengths and Weaknesses of the Qualitative Research Study

The qualitative research study titled “Put it to Work, or it will Quit Working for You: A Subjective Investigation of The Support of Active Work in More Established Grown-ups” focuses on the lack of physical activity among older adults, a global concern. The study sheds light on the importance of physical activity and its potential to improve quality of life. It offers insights into maintaining physical activity behavior among older adults through a qualitative approach, exploring factors contributing to activity behavior and maintenance. Researchers employ thematic analysis, and data interpretation is conducted by two research coders. Face-to-face interviews are conducted with older adults who participated in trial groups or had experience with home-based exercises, providing a comprehensive overview of physical activity levels among older adults.

Interviews conducted at participants’ homes offer insights into activity levels during interventions, addressing health benefits, facilitators, barriers, and technology use in maintaining physical activity. An additional strength is that interview transcripts were analyzed without altering the wording, using NVivo10 for analysis. The study covers various aspects, including physical and mental benefits, barriers, facilitators, social interaction, and technology use for motivation and support, despite not being initially part of the interventions. The use of framework analysis aids in interpreting participants’ statements, benefiting researchers and practitioners alike.

However, the study has weaknesses. For instance, the focus group size is small, hindering generalizability. Data collection exclusively from a specific UK region raises questions about intervention applicability elsewhere. Moreover, the study overlooks economic status and resource access effects on physical activity maintenance. Including quantitative data could have strengthened the research by providing more tangible evidence.

Ethical Implications

The research study received ethical approval and written informed consent from participants, ensuring their rights and well-being. Participants were informed of their right to withdraw and that data collected up to withdrawal would be used with consent. The study also ensured participants did not experience distress. Notably, it involved English-speaking adults, eliminating concerns related to language backgrounds.

Significance of the Research Problem

The qualitative research addresses physical inactivity, a significant global concern. Physical activity is crucial for keeping older individuals physically and mentally active, reducing chronic disease risks (Cunningham & O’Sullivan, 2020). It can lower risks of conditions like cardiovascular disease, cancer, falls, dementia, disability, and depression (Cunningham et al., 2020). Additionally, physical activity can enhance strength and balance, improving older adults’ overall quality of life (Langhammer et al., 2018). Nonetheless, the research could have been further enriched by including economic impacts and resource access, providing a more holistic understanding of physical activity significance.

Conclusion

Quantitative and qualitative research analyses play pivotal roles in comprehensively examining and evaluating research problems using diverse data analysis methods. Quantitative research informs decisions concerning older patients by demonstrating exercise intervention efficacy. Qualitative research information aids in practice and decision-making. This critique analyzes the strengths, weaknesses, and ethical implications of both quantitative and qualitative research studies, illuminating the significance of employing varied approaches to address falls among older patients and their implications for patient care decision-making.

References

Bhandari, P. (2021). A guide to ethical considerations in research. Scribbr. https://www.scribbr.com/methodology/research-ethics/

Cunningham, C., & O’Sullivan, R. (2020). Why physical activity matters for older adults in a time of pandemic. European Review of Aging and Physical Activity, 17(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/s11556-020-00249-3

Cunningham, C., O’Sullivan, R., Caserotti, P., & Tully, M. A. (2020). Consequences of physical inactivity in older adults: A systematic review of reviews and meta-analyses. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports, 30(5), 816–827. https://doi.org/10.1111/sms.13616

Florence, C. S., Bergen, G., Atherly, A., Burns, E., Stevens, J., & Drake, C. (2018). Medical costs of fatal and nonfatal falls in older adults. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 66(4), 693–698. https://doi.org/10.1111/jgs.15304

NURS FPX 5005 Assessment 2 Quantitative and Qualitative Research Publication Critique

Langhammer, B., Bergland, A., & Rydwik, E. (2018). The importance of physical activity exercise among older people. BioMed Research International, 2018(1), 1–3. https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/7856823

Parker, M., Pearson, C., Donald, C., & Fisher, C. B. (2019). Beyond the Belmont Principles: A community‐based approach to developing an indigenous ethics model and curriculum for training health researchers working with American Indian and Alaska native communities. American Journal of Community Psychology, 64(1-2), 9–20. https://doi.org/10.1002/ajcp.12360

Vaishya, R., & Vaish, A. (2020). Falls in older adults are serious. Indian Journal of Orthopaedics, 54(1), 69–74. https://doi.org/10.1007/s43465-019-00037-x

 

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