NURS FPX 4060 Assessment 4 Health Promotion Plan Presentation

,

NURS FPX 4060 Assessment 4 Health Promotion Plan Presentation

NURS FPX 4060 Assessment 4 Health Promotion Plan Presentation

Name

Capella university

NURS-FPX 4060 Practicing in the Community to Improve Population Health

Prof. Name

Date

Health Promotion Plan Presentation

Good day, everyone. My name is ——-, and I’m delighted to welcome you to today’s presentation. Today, we’re delving into a critical health concern that affects a significant segment of our community: hypertension among the Latino population. Before I discuss a particular health promotion plan for our target community, I would like to briefly explain what a health promotion plan is.

What is a Health Promotion Plan?

A health promotion plan represents a strategic initiative to improve the overall well-being of individuals within the community. It encompasses a range of activities and interventions designed to alleviate illnesses and encourage healthier behaviors. Implementing a health promotion plan enhances individuals’ health outcomes and sustains the overall health of the community. This presentation aims to improve hypertension outcomes in the Latino community (McKenzie et al., 2022).

Agenda

The agenda to be discussed in this presentation is as follows:

  1. Health risks of hypertension in the Latino community
  2. The plan is tailored to address specific health needs
  3. Achievement and future adjustments of educational objectives
  4. Assessment of outcomes aligned with Healthy People 2030 and future adjustments
  5. Conclusion

Health Risks of Hypertension in the Latino Community

Hypertension poses significant health risks within the Latino community, exacerbating existing disparities and vulnerabilities. With nearly half of the U.S. population affected by hypertension, as reported by Chobufo et al. (2020), Latinos face a disproportionate burden of this condition. The Latin America and Caribbean region also grapples with low counseling rates for hypertension, further complicating the management of this health issue (Regional Health–Americas, 2022).

Left untreated, hypertension increases the risk of numerous severe health issues, such as renal failure, heart disease, and stroke. These risks are particularly alarming within the Latino community due to factors such as dietary practices, limited access to healthcare services, language barriers, and socioeconomic disparities (Maldonado et al., 2023). These factors contribute to the challenges faced by Latinos in managing hypertension effectively, leading to higher rates of uncontrolled blood pressure levels.

The Plan Based on Health Needs

This health promotion plan is designed with a focus on addressing the specific health needs of the Latino community affected by hypertension. One of the identified needs is the prevalence of dietary practices that contribute to hypertension among Latinos. Traditional Latino diets often contain high levels of sodium, saturated fats, and sugars, which can exacerbate hypertension (Ma et al., 2020). Additionally, many members of the Latino community face challenges in effectively monitoring their blood pressure and adhering to prescribed medications due to various factors such as limited access to healthcare services and language barriers (Abrahamowicz et al., 2023).

The health promotion plan for hypertension among the Latino population served by Vila Health is structured around specific, measurable, achievable, relevant, and time-bound (SMART) goals aimed at addressing the unique challenges faced by this community. The first goal focuses on dietary modification, with the specific aim of reducing daily sodium intake. Participants will swap one high-sodium meal with a healthier alternative, track their sodium consumption using a weekly food diary, learn about low-salt substitutes for traditional Latin meals, and implement dietary changes within the next fortnight. This goal is relevant because reducing salt in meals can help decrease blood pressure levels and minimize the chances of hypertension-related complications (Ma et al., 2020).

The second goal revolves around blood pressure monitoring and medication adherence. Participants will be encouraged to check their blood pressure at home twice weekly using a home blood pressure monitor, record their results and medication adherence in a dedicated note, and maintain consistency in monitoring for 12 weeks (Marseille et al., 2021). This goal is relevant because consistent monitoring of blood pressure levels and adherence to prescribed medications is essential for successful hypertension management and prevention of complications.

The Attainment of Health Goals

After conducting educational sessions focused on dietary modification, blood pressure monitoring, and medication adherence, attainment of agreed-upon goals was evaluated. This assessment was based on data collected through participant self-reports, such as adherence to dietary recommendations and completion of food diaries. Additionally, qualitative evaluation was done to gather participant feedback through surveys and focus group discussions to understand their experiences, challenges, and perceptions of dietary modifications. Upon evaluation, it was found that 80% of participants successfully implemented the dietary modifications within the specified time frame.

They reported substituting high-sodium meals with healthier alternatives, such as replacing processed snacks with fresh fruits or swapping out salty condiments for herbs and spices. Participants diligently tracked their sodium intake using the provided food diaries, demonstrating a commitment to monitoring their dietary habits. However, 20% of participants struggled to fully adhere to the nutritional recommendations due to limited access to healthier food options or difficulty finding suitable low-sodium substitutes for traditional dishes. Similarly, goal two was evaluated using objective data collected from participant records and monitoring logs. 90% of participants successfully acquired home blood pressure monitors and consistently monitored their blood pressure as instructed.

They diligently recorded their blood pressure readings and medication adherence in the provided notes, demonstrating a proactive approach to managing their hypertension. However, 10% of participants faced challenges acquiring a home blood pressure monitor or experienced difficulty understanding how to use it correctly, leading to inconsistent monitoring practices.

Need for Revisions

While attaining both goals is commendable among the hypothetical participants, the evaluation highlights areas for potential revisions to future educational sessions. For example, additional community and organizational support may be needed to address barriers such as limited access to healthier food options or difficulties acquiring home blood pressure monitors. Furthermore, providing more comprehensive guidance and resources such as educational brochures and inforgraphics on dietary modifications and blood pressure monitoring techniques could enhance participant engagement and adherence. By incorporating participant feedback and addressing identified challenges, future educational sessions can be revised to better meet the needs of the Latino community and improve hypertension management outcomes.

Healthy People 2030 Goals on Hypertension Management in Latino Community

Healthy People 2030 provides a framework for improving the health and well-being of all Americans, including addressing disparities in health outcomes among diverse populationsThe following three goals were found from Healthy People 2030 objectives relevant to hypertension in our target community:

  1. Reduce the proportion of hypertension across all demographic groups (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 2020).
  2. Reducing the consumption of sodium in people above two years of age (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, n.d.)
  3. Increasing the control of high blood pressure (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 2020)

Evaluation of Outcomes in the Light of Healthy People 2030 Goals

In evaluating the outcomes of the educational sessions aimed at hypertension management within our target community, notable progress has been made toward addressing the objectives outlined in Healthy People 2030. Firstly, the sessions have raised participants’ awareness about hypertension and its associated risk factors. Participants gained valuable insights into managing their hypertension effectively by being educated on the importance of blood pressure control and the role of lifestyle modifications. Moreover, the emphasis on reducing sodium intake through dietary modifications has increased awareness of the link between dietary habits and hypertension, empowering participants to make healthier food choices. 

Furthermore, the sessions have facilitated discussions around the importance of regular blood pressure monitoring and medication adherence in achieving blood pressure control. Participants have been equipped with practical tools and knowledge to monitor their blood pressure levels at home, enabling them to take a more active role in their healthcare management. Additionally, discussions on medication adherence have highlighted the significance of following prescribed treatment plans consistently, thereby improving the likelihood of achieving optimal blood pressure control.

Need for Revisions

Despite the progress made, revisions remain needed in order to more closely match the goals stated in Healthy People 2030 with educational sessions. One key area for improvement is the need for enhanced cultural relevance and sensitivity in educational materials and delivery. Tailoring dietary interventions to address cultural preferences, traditions, and barriers to behavior change within the target community can enhance engagement and effectiveness (Piombo et al., 2020). Additionally, incorporating more interactive components, such as role-playing exercises or group discussions, can foster greater participant involvement and facilitate peer learning.

Moreover, providing practical resources and support, such as access to blood pressure monitoring devices and medication reminders, can empower participants to implement lifestyle changes and adhere to treatment plans more effectively (Persell et al., 2020). By incorporating these revisions, future educational sessions can better meet the objectives outlined in Healthy People 2030 and contribute to improved hypertension management outcomes within the target community.

Conclusion

In conclusion, the health promotion plan and subsequent educational sessions have been pivotal in addressing the specific health needs and challenges related to hypertension within the Latino community served by Vila Health. Through targeted interventions and collaborative efforts, significant progress has been made in raising awareness, fostering behavior change, and promoting hypertension management among participants. While achievements have been notable, there is an ongoing commitment to refining strategies, incorporating cultural sensitivity, and maximizing community engagement to further align with the objectives outlined in Healthy People 2030. By continuing to prioritize health equity and proactive healthcare management, Vila Health remains dedicated to improving the well-being and quality of life for all members of its Latino community.

References

Abrahamowicz, A. A., Ebinger, J., Whelton, S. P., Commodore-Mensah, Y., & Yang, E. (2023). Racial and ethnic disparities in hypertension: Barriers and opportunities to improve blood pressure control. Current Cardiology Reports25(1), 17–27. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11886-022-01826-x

Chobufo, M. D., Gayam, V., Soluny, J., Rahman, E. U., Enoru, S., Foryoung, J. B., Agbor, V.
N., Dufresne, A., & Nfor, T. (2020). Prevalence and control rates of hypertension in the USA: 2017–2018. International Journal of Cardiology Hypertension, 6, 100044.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijchy.2020.100044 

Ma, G. X., Bhimla, A., Zhu, L., Beeber, M., Aczon, F., Tan, Y., Quinn, S. B., Khan, O., & Gadegbeku, C. A. (2020). Development of an intervention to promote physical activity and reduce dietary sodium intake for preventing hypertension and chronic disease in Filipino Americans. Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparitieshttps://doi.org/10.1007/s40615-020-00781-z 

Marseille, B. R., Commodore‐Mensah, Y., Davidson, P. M., Baker, D., D’Aoust, R., & Baptiste, D. (2021). Improving hypertension knowledge, medication adherence, and blood pressure control: A feasibility study. Journal of Clinical Nursing30(19-20), 2960–2967. https://doi.org/10.1111/jocn.15803

McKenzie, J. F., Neiger, B. L., & Thackeray, R. (2022). Planning, implementing and evaluating health promotion programs. In Google Books. Jones & Bartlett Learning. https://books.google.com/books?hl=en&lr=&id=2Bh1EAAAQBAJ&oi=fnd&pg=PP1&dq=health+promotion+plan&ots=U3pr1rI-ar&sig=S3wBtYEd6paIUTyuALTpoylg06o  

NURS FPX 4060 Assessment 4 Health Promotion Plan Presentation

Persell, S. D., Peprah, Y. A., Lipiszko, D., Lee, J. Y., Li, J. J., Ciolino, J. D., Karmali, K. N., & Sato, H. (2020). Effect of home blood pressure monitoring via a smartphone hypertension coaching application or tracking application on adults with uncontrolled hypertension: A randomized clinical trial. JAMA Network Open3(3), e200255–e200255. https://doi.org/10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.0255 

Piombo, L., Nicolella, G., Barbarossa, G., Tubili, C., Pandolfo, M. M., Castaldo, M., Costanzo, G., Mirisola, C., & Cavani, A. (2020). Outcomes of culturally tailored dietary intervention in the North African and Bangladeshi diabetic patients in Italy. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health17(23). https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17238932

Regional Health– Americas. (2022). Latin America and Caribbean’s path to improve hypertension control: Time for bolder, tougher actions. The Lancet Regional Health – Americas9, 100278. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lana.2022.100278 

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. (n.d.). Reduce consumption of sodium by people aged 2 years and over — NWS-12 – healthy people 2030 | health.gov. Health.gov. https://health.gov/healthypeople/objectives-and-data/browse-objectives/nutrition-and-healthy-eating/reduce-consumption-sodium-people-aged-2-years-and-over-nws-12 

NURS FPX 4060 Assessment 4 Health Promotion Plan Presentation

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. (2020). Increase control of high blood pressure in adults. Health.gov. https://health.gov/healthypeople/objectives-and-data/browse-objectives/heart-disease-and-stroke/increase-control-high-blood-pressure-adults-hds-05 

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. (2020). Reduce the proportion of adults with high blood pressure — HDS-04 – healthy people 2030. Health.gov. https://health.gov/healthypeople/objectives-and-data/browse-objectives/heart-disease-and-stroke/reduce-proportion-adults-high-blood-pressure-hds-04 

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