NURS FPX 4030 Assessment 2 Determining the Credibility of Evidence and Resources

NURS FPX 4030 Assessment 2 Determining the Credibility of Evidence and Resources


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NURS-FPX 4030 Making Evidence-Based Decisions

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Determining the Credibility of Evidence and Resources

The healthcare treatments and procedures delivered to patients impact their quality of life and safety. It is the utmost duty of every healthcare professional to evaluate the credibility and authenticity of evidence-based practices in clinical practice. This assessment delves into the issue of gastroenteritis, for which nurses can look for credible evidence to apply clinically. By adequate analysis, substantial evidence of nursing practices for gastroenteritis can result in better health outcomes for affected patients and improved quality of life (Fleckenstein et al., 2021).

The Quality and Safety Issue Benefiting from an Evidence-Based Approach

The chosen diagnosis for which an evidence-based approach can be a suitable and beneficial solution is gastroenteritis. Gastroenteritis is the inflammation of the stomach and intestines due to viral or bacterial infections. This condition can pose serious complications if left untreated, especially in vulnerable populations such as young children, elderly, or immunocompromised patients. About 1.4-2.5 million deaths result from gastroenteritis annually (Dawson et al., 2022). For this purpose, an evidence-based approach is crucial for ensuring optimal patient outcomes and minimizing potential risks. This condition requires attentive screening to ensure the correct treatment is delivered. For instance, in the case of viral gastroenteritis, there are chances that antibiotic treatment is prescribed, which leads to other issues like antibiotic resistance (Ansari et al., 2020). This issue underscores the significance of adopting evidence-based guidelines that stress the judicious use of antibiotics.

Criteria to Determine Credibility of Resources

There are several criteria discussed in research that evaluate the credibility of resources. One of these criteria is CRAAP criteria, which stands for Currency, Relevance, Authority, Accuracy, and Purpose (Muis et al., 2022). This criterion involves measuring the date the article was published to check its currency and the relevance of the subject discussed in the resource with the issue under investigation. Additionally, it estimates whether the authors are experts and related to relevant fields of study. Lastly, it checks the accuracy of resources and the purpose to ensure the resource fulfills the study’s goal under progress (Muis et al., 2022). 

Applying the CRAAP Criteria

These criteria are applied in the following bibliography:

Dawson, T., Ratcliffe, A., & Onyon, C. (2022). Gastroenteritis. Paediatrics and Child Health32(11). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paed.2022.08.002 

This resource was published in the year 2022, which shows its currency. Considering the relevance criterion, the article is related to the issue explored in this assessment, i.e., gastroenteritis. Furthermore, it discusses this condition in children, making it more specific. The authors are all experts and belong to the field of medicine. Moreover, the results from the study are accurate and based on statistical analyses. Lastly, this resource aims to improve the health outcomes of gastroenteritis among children using correct treatments like antibiotic therapy and hydration therapy. The authors have also mentioned preventive strategies, such as frequent handwashing among children to manage gastroenteritis.

Analysis of Credibility and Relevance of Resources and Evidence

The evidence-based resources cited in this paper can be analyzed to ensure their credibility and relevance. All these resources fit the CRAAP criteria. The article by Ansari et al. (2020), fulfills the CRAAP criteria as it was published within the last five years and is currently published. This resource is relevant to gastroenteritis as it highlights the role of probiotics in improving viral gastroenteritis. The authors are related to Medicine and have proficiency in the subject. The results are accurate and statistically correct. Lastly, this article aims to analyze the treatment options for gastroenteritis. Similarly, the resource by Fleckenstein et al. (2021), is up-to-date, fulfilling the currency criterion.

The article relates to gastroenteritis as it talks about bacterial gastroenteritis in detail. The authors of this resource are from the relevant fields, and the results show accuracy. Lastly, this article emphasizes the timely treatment of bacterial gastroenteritis with adequate and judicious use of antibiotics. The most useful resource from this analysis is by Ansari et al. (2020), as viral gastroenteritis is confused with bacterial gastroenteritis and requires adequate knowledge and research on diagnosing viral diarrhea to ensure the right treatment is provided to affected individuals.

Significance of Integrating Research Data into Evidence-Based Models

Evidence-based models effectively implement the collected and well-researched data in practical life. These evidence-based models allow nurses to ensure that medical treatments are devoid of mistakes and ineffective practices. By using these models, nurses can deliver the right care treatments that are substantially accurate and effective in alleviating healthcare issues (Tucker et al., 2021). This enhances patient safety and quality of life. Similarly, nurses can use the gathered data on treating gastroenteritis and integrate it into one of the evidence-based models to find clinical effectiveness. One such model is the Iowa Model, which can lead to sensible clinical making.

The Iowa model involves identifying clinical questions such as the appropriate use of antibiotics in pediatric patients with acute gastroenteritis (Tucker et al., 2021). After formulating the questions, healthcare professionals conduct a comprehensive literature search to identify relevant research studies. This leads to critically appraising the quality and validity of studies obtained. After evaluation, healthcare professionals integrate findings from literature reviews with their clinical experience, such as treating pediatric gastroenteritis using evidence-based guidelines and knowledge of age-specific symptoms (Almutairi et al., 2021).

NURS FPX 4030 Assessment 2 Determining the Credibility of Evidence and Resources

Then, the evidence-based guidelines are incorporated into clinical practice, which leads to standardized approaches for assessing dehydration and administering appropriate medications. Lastly, the impact of implemented practices is evaluated on patient outcomes and quality of care. This is done by monitoring antibiotic prescribing rates and hospital readmission rates and measuring complications associated with gastroenteritis (Almutairi et al., 2021).


Gastroenteritis is one of the prevailing infectious ailments that can be well-treated by implementing an evidence-based approach. The CRAAP criteria are an effective way of measuring the validity of resources used in research of evidence-based practices. The papers cited in this assessment fulfill the CRAAP criteria and can be used by nurses to treat gastroenteritis carefully. The Iowa model is used as an example to incorporate gastroenteritis data within the model and address the clinical issue under investigation.


Almutairi, M. K., Al-Saleh, A. M., Al Qadrah, B. H., Sarhan, N. T., Alshehri, N. A., & Shaheen, N. A. (2021). Outcomes and predictors of early emergency department discharge among children with acute gastroenteritis and moderate dehydration. International Journal of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicinehttps://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijpam.2021.03.003 

Ansari, F., Pashazadeh, F., Nourollahi, E., Hajebrahimi, S., Munn, Z., & Pourjafar, H. (2020). A systematic review and meta-analysis: The effectiveness of probiotics for viral gastroenteritis. Current Pharmaceutical Biotechnology21https://doi.org/10.2174/1389201021666200416123931 

Dawson, T., Ratcliffe, A., & Onyon, C. (2022). Gastroenteritis. Paediatrics and Child Health32(11). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paed.2022.08.002 

NURS FPX 4030 Assessment 2 Determining the Credibility of Evidence and Resources

Fleckenstein, J. M., Matthew Kuhlmann, F., & Sheikh, A. (2021). Acute bacterial gastroenteritis. Gastroenterology Clinics of North Americahttps://doi.org/10.1016/j.gtc.2021.02.002

Muis, K. R., Denton, C., & Dubé, A. (2022). Identifying CRAAP on the internet: A source evaluation intervention. Advances in Social Sciences Research Journal9(7), 239–265. https://doi.org/10.14738/assrj.97.12670 

Tucker, S., McNett, M., Mazurek Melnyk, B., Hanrahan, K., Hunter, S. C., Kim, B., Cullen, L., & Kitson, A. (2021). Implementation science: Application of evidence‐based practice models to improve healthcare quality. Worldviews on Evidence-Based Nursing18(2), 76–84. https://doi.org/10.1111/wvn.12495

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