How to Write a Conclusion for a Research Paper

How to Write a Good Conclusion for a Research Paper

Writing a research paper is important for school, but it can be tough. Some students don’t like it, but it can be interesting. There are many parts to a research paper, but today we’ll focus on the conclusion and how to make it really good.

What is a Research Paper Conclusion?

A research paper conclusion is the final section of a research paper where the author summarizes the main findings, discusses their implications, and suggests potential areas for further research or application. It serves to bring closure to the paper by reiterating the key points and offering a final perspective on the topic.

What 9 Parts Should a Conclusion Include?

Here’s how to make a good ending for your research paper, no matter what type it is:

1. Review Your Key Findings

Take some time to thoroughly review the results and findings of your research. This may involve going back through your data analysis, revisiting your literature review, and reflecting on the overall outcomes of your study.

Make notes on the main points, significant findings, unexpected results, and any patterns or trends that emerged during your research. Understanding the nuances of your findings will help you craft a more insightful conclusion.

2. Restate the Thesis Statement

Start your conclusion by revisiting the thesis statement or research question that guided your study. This serves as a reminder to the reader of the central focus of your research.

Restating the thesis statement in your conclusion helps to tie together the various sections of your paper and provides a sense of closure to your argument.

3. Summarize the Main Points

Provide a concise summary of the main points and findings of your research. Focus on the key results, significant findings, and major contributions of your study.

Avoid repeating all the details from the main body of your paper. Instead, highlight the most important aspects of your research in a clear and succinct manner.

4. Discuss the implications

Reflect on the broader implications of your findings for your field of study or the real world. Consider how your research contributes to existing knowledge, addresses gaps in the literature, or sheds light on important issues.

Discuss the potential significance of your findings in terms of theory, methodology, or practical applications. This demonstrates the relevance and importance of your research to the wider academic community.

5. Address Limitations

Acknowledge any limitations or constraints of your study that may have impacted the validity or generalizability of your findings. This could include issues such as sample size limitations, methodological constraints, or potential biases.

Being transparent about the limitations of your research shows a critical awareness of its scope and helps readers interpret the results in context.

6. Propose Areas for Future Research

Suggest potential directions for future research based on the findings of your study. Identify areas that warrant further investigation or exploration, and explain how future research could build upon your work to advance understanding in the field.

Consider how future research could address unanswered questions, refine methodologies, or explore new avenues of inquiry suggested by your findings.

7. Provide a Closing Statement

End your conclusion with a strong closing statement that reinforces the significance of your research. This could involve summarizing the key takeaway points, emphasizing the broader implications of your findings, or highlighting the importance of the topic for future research or practical applications.

Leave the reader with a final thought or reflection that encapsulates the main message of your research and underscores its relevance and importance.

8. Check for Coherence and Flow

Review your conclusion to ensure that it flows logically from the main body of your paper and provides a cohesive summary of your research. Make sure that each paragraph transitions smoothly to the next and that the conclusion effectively ties together the key points of your study.

Check for coherence in your arguments and clarity in your writing to ensure that your conclusion effectively communicates the significance of your research to the reader.

9. Revise and Proofread

Once you have written your conclusion, take the time to revise and proofread it carefully. Check for any grammatical errors, typos, or inconsistencies in your writing.

Pay attention to the clarity and coherence of your arguments, and make any necessary revisions to improve the overall quality of your conclusion.

Consider seeking feedback from peers, colleagues, or mentors to gain additional perspectives on your conclusion and make further improvements as needed.

Follow these steps to wrap up your research with a strong conclusion that sums everything up and sticks in your readers’ minds. Have a Good Research Conclusion!


  1. Baron, M. (2008) from the University of South Dakota talks about how to write research proposals and dissertations.
  2. CRLS (2018) from Cambridge Rindge and Latin School gives tips on writing conclusions.
  3. Caprette, D. R. (1995) from Rice University discusses writing research papers.
  4. Derntl, M. (2014) in the International Journal of Technology Enhanced Learning explains the basics of writing and publishing research papers.
  5. Faryadi, Q. (2012) in the American International Journal of Contemporary Research provides a step-by-step guide for writing PhD proposals.
  6. Holewa, R. (2004) from St. Cloud State University offers strategies for writing conclusions.
  7. Nesbitt-Johnston Writing Center (2004) at Hamilton College discusses writing conclusions.
  8. Peter, V. J. (2017) from IGNOU in New Delhi shares information on writing research papers and presenting them.
  9. Powner, L.C. (2017) in a book called Empirical Research and Writing: A Political Science Student’s Practical Guide covers writing up research.
  10. Purdue University offers guidance on the writing process.
  11. Sacred Heart University Library (2020) has information on organizing academic papers, including conclusions.
  12. Sherlock, K. J. (2016) from Grossmont College talks about different styles of conclusions.
  13. Soler-Monreal, C. (2019) in the Spanish Journal of Applied Linguistics discusses rhetorical strategies in PhD conclusions in computer science.
  14. Walden University provides tips on writing conclusions.
  15. The Writing Center at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill offers guidance on writing conclusions.
  16. Writing Tutorial Services at Indiana University discusses writing conclusions.

Frequently Asked Questions About Research Paper Conclusions

The conclusions section aims to summarize the key findings of the study, discuss their implications, and suggest avenues for future research.

Conclusions typically begin by restating the research question or objectives, followed by a brief summary of the main findings. It's crucial to interpret these findings in the context of the research aims and the existing literature.

Generally, the conclusions section should not introduce entirely new information or ideas. Instead, it should synthesize and reflect upon the data and analysis presented in the paper.

The length of the conclusions section can vary depending on the complexity of the study and the depth of analysis. However, it's typically concise, ranging from a few paragraphs to one page.

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