Best Argumentative Essay Examples

In academic writing, persuasive essays are potent tools for convincing others of a viewpoint. These essays follow a strong approach to present and defend ideas, using evidence and storytelling to influence the audience. Examining examples reveals the use of ethos (credibility), pathos (emotion), and logos (reasoning) in creating persuasive arguments.

Today’s persuasive essays go beyond persuasion; they serve as platforms to explore complex issues. Examples covering topics like climate change and technology reflect the debates shaping society, engaging readers in critical thinking about the future.

The adaptability of persuasive essays is evident in how writing styles have changed across different mediums. Video essays and podcasts are new ways to present and defend arguments, showing the merging of technology and persuasive writing. As the lines between written and visual communication blur, persuasive essays prove their lasting relevance and flexibility.

What is an Argumentative Essay? 


The art of persuasion has been a fundamental aspect of human communication since time immemorial. In the realm of academic writing, the argumentative essay stands as a testament to the power of reasoned discourse. This genre of writing not only requires a deep understanding of the subject matter but also demands the ability to construct a compelling and logical argument. In this essay, we will explore the essence of an argumentative essay, its key components, and the techniques employed to sway opinions and provoke thoughtful reflection.

Defining the Argumentative Essay

At its core, an argumentative essay is a form of writing that presents a stance on a particular issue or topic and supports it with evidence and reasoning. Unlike other types of essays, such as expository or descriptive essays, the argumentative essay is not solely concerned with presenting information; rather, it aims to persuade the reader to adopt a specific viewpoint or take a particular action.

Elements of an Argumentative Essay


      1. Thesis Statement: The foundation of any argumentative essay is the thesis statement. This concise and debatable statement articulates the writer’s main stance on the issue. It serves as a roadmap for the reader, outlining the direction the essay will take.

      1. Introduction: The introduction sets the stage for the essay, providing background information on the topic and presenting the thesis statement. It should capture the reader’s attention and establish the importance of the issue at hand.

      1. Body Paragraphs: The body of the essay is where the argument unfolds. Each paragraph should focus on a single point or piece of evidence supporting the thesis. Transition sentences guide the reader through the logical progression of ideas.

      1. Counterargument: An effective argumentative essay acknowledges opposing viewpoints. Including a counterargument demonstrates the writer’s awareness of alternative perspectives and strengthens the overall persuasiveness of the essay.

      1. Evidence and Examples: To substantiate the argument, the writer must provide credible evidence and relevant examples. This can include data, statistics, expert opinions, anecdotes, or historical precedents.

      1. Logical Structure: The essay should follow a logical structure, with ideas arranged in a way that is easy for the reader to follow. This might involve organizing points chronologically, from least to most important, or according to another logical framework.

      1. Conclusion: The conclusion summarizes the main points, restates the thesis, and leaves a lasting impression on the reader. It is an opportunity to reinforce the importance of the argument and, in some cases, propose avenues for further research or action.

    Persuasive Techniques


        1. Rhetorical Appeals: Ethos, pathos, and logos are rhetorical appeals that writers use to persuade their audience. Ethos establishes the writer’s credibility, pathos appeals to the reader’s emotions, and logos relies on logic and reasoning.

        1. Language and Tone: The choice of language and tone is crucial in an argumentative essay. A persuasive tone and precise language contribute to the overall effectiveness of the argument.

        1. Convincing Style: An argumentative essay should be written in a style that convinces the reader of the validity of the thesis. This involves clarity, coherence, and the careful selection of words.

      Challenges and Considerations


          1. Avoiding Logical Fallacies: Writers must be vigilant to avoid logical fallacies that can weaken an argument. Common fallacies include ad hominem attacks, strawman arguments, and hasty generalizations.

          1. Balancing Emotion and Logic: While emotional appeals can be powerful, it is essential to strike a balance between emotion and logic. An overreliance on emotion may undermine the credibility of the argument.


        In conclusion, the argumentative essay is a dynamic form of expression that challenges writers to engage in critical thinking, research, and persuasive communication. By understanding its essential elements and mastering the art of persuasion, writers can craft compelling arguments that leave a lasting impact on their readers. The ability to construct a well-supported argument is not only a valuable academic skill but also a fundamental tool for navigating the complexities of the world. As we continue to engage in discourse and debate, the argumentative essay remains a beacon of intellectual exploration and a testament to the enduring power of the written word.

        Three Free Argumentative Essay Examples for Guidance

        Sample Argumentative Essay 1

        Essay on the Effects of Smoking

        More and more places worldwide are saying no to smoking in public, and there are good reasons for it. Smoking isn’t just harmful to the person doing it but also to those nearby. Medical studies show that even smoking outdoors can lead to health issues like infections and asthma, especially for the almost one million people in the US with conditions related to breathing.

        Smoking doesn’t just affect people—it harms the environment too. Cigarette filters, butts, and other smoking waste end up polluting water, soil, and beaches. Recent lab studies even show that harmful chemicals from cigarettes can harm fish and other small organisms.

        Apart from the obvious harm caused by smoking, there’s also a financial cost. Smoking is an expensive habit, with around $193 billion spent yearly in the US, as reported by the CDC. It’s like a money trap for those addicted to nicotine.

        For many, looking young is important, and smoking doesn’t help with that. It’s a significant cause of premature aging, leading to changes in the skin. Regular smoking affects the skin’s oxygen supply, making it age faster.

        Considering all these issues, it makes sense to make smoking illegal in public everywhere. This would not only improve the environment but also promote better health for everyone. That’s reason enough to support a ban on smoking in public places globally.

        Sample Argumentative Essay 2

        The Legalization of Gambling

        According to Korn & Shaffer, gambling entails putting something valuable at risk based on an uncertain event, a practice that has roots dating back to ancient times. The Romans, during Caesar’s reign, actively participated in gambling, and presently, it has become an integral part of our society. Despite some viewing it as a harmless pastime, others grapple with addiction issues.

        Various forms of gambling, such as participating in the weekly lottery, betting on horses, and playing bingo, are widespread practices. However, the consequences of gambling extend beyond individual enjoyment, impacting family dynamics, public health, and the legal system. Despite these potential drawbacks, the extensive legalization of gambling is primarily fueled by its substantial financial contributions to governments, amounting to over $50 billion annually. A ban on gambling could result in a significant 10-15% tax increase to compensate for the lost revenue.

        The allure of legalized gambling is evident in its wide participation, with 82% of households engaging in some form of gambling. Cities that permit gambling establishments often witness a surge in tourism, transforming them into popular destinations. The economic impact is tangible, leading to job creation and benefiting the hospitality sector. Furthermore, the legalization of gambling serves as a means to wrest control away from the criminal underworld, mitigating illegal activities associated with this form of entertainment.

        However, the positive aspects of legalized gambling are accompanied by notable drawbacks. It can adversely affect families, particularly those with limited financial resources, as funds are redirected from essential needs to gambling activities. Research indicates that adolescents involved in gambling exhibit higher rates of school failure, family conflicts, and engagement in legal issues. Pathological gamblers may also experience mental health challenges, contributing additional stress to the healthcare system.

        Critics argue that gambling-related crimes place a burden on law enforcement. However, it’s essential to note that the percentage of gamblers resorting to criminal activities is relatively small. While the legalization of gambling offers financial benefits and boosts tourism, recognizing and addressing its potential negative consequences is imperative. Families, educational institutions, and businesses involved in the gambling industry should play a role in promoting responsible gambling practices, fostering a safer and more balanced environment.

        Sample Argumentative Essay 3

        Is Human cloning ethical and should it be allowed? 

        The ethical implications surrounding human cloning have been a source of ongoing debate since the landmark achievement of cloning Dolly the sheep. This groundbreaking discovery has opened the door to a myriad of possibilities in the realm of scientific research and medical advancements. However, the ethical considerations of cloning extend far beyond the scientific community, sparking conversations about the moral implications and societal consequences.

        In the United States, there is a fervent movement advocating for the prohibition of human cloning, led notably by a key figure in the team responsible for cloning Dolly. This individual, despite his pivotal role in the scientific breakthrough, has expressed concerns about the ethical dimensions of creating human embryos for research purposes, especially when such embryos are not intended for implantation.

        The potential benefits of human cloning are extensive and could address critical issues such as infertility, birth defects, and various medical conditions. Nevertheless, the ethical quandaries arise from the fear that unscrupulous individuals might exploit this scientific advancement for nefarious purposes, leading to crimes that challenge the very fabric of our society.

        At the core of the ethical dilemma is the recognition that a fully developed human clone would be virtually indistinguishable from any other individual, possessing the same rights and entitlements. The prospect of allowing cloning on a restricted and carefully monitored scale has been considered, but the intricate nature of overseeing such endeavors poses significant challenges.

        The fragility of the human body and the potential risks associated with cloning, particularly in the context of organ transplants, introduces a layer of complexity to the ethical discourse. The possibility of rejection of cloned tissues or the body’s non-responsiveness to new treatments underscores the need for meticulous consideration in pursuing such scientific endeavors.

        Furthermore, the age-old conflict between positive and negative energies within human nature adds an additional layer of complexity to the ethical debate. Throughout history, societies have established laws and rules to foster a controlled and organized environment, leading to the gradual evolution of civilization. The majority of the global population adheres to moral, ethical, traditional, and religious values, shaping the collective conscience.

        In conclusion, the ethical considerations surrounding human cloning are multifaceted, involving a delicate balance between the potential advantages in the field of medicine and the risks associated with potential misuse. As we navigate this complex terrain, collaboration among scientists, governmental bodies, and the broader community becomes imperative in establishing a framework that allows for the ethical and medically supportive use of cloning technology. Striking this balance is essential for informed decision-making regarding the future trajectory of human cloning.

        Tips for Writing a Perfect Argumentative Essay

        The ability to construct a compelling argument is a skill that extends far beyond academic settings, permeating various aspects of our personal and professional lives. In the realm of academic writing, the argumentative essay stands as a crucial genre, demanding writers to present a clear, logical, and persuasive case on a given topic. Mastering this form of writing involves a nuanced understanding of its components and a strategic approach to presenting evidence and counterarguments. In this essay, we will delve into the top tips for crafting a good argumentative essay, exploring the key elements that contribute to its success.

        Understanding the Purpose and Audience

        A fundamental step in writing an effective argumentative essay is a clear comprehension of its purpose and target audience. The purpose of such an essay is not merely to express personal opinions but to persuade readers to accept a particular viewpoint. Whether addressing a scholarly community or a general audience, writers must tailor their arguments to appeal to the sensibilities and interests of the intended readership.

        Choosing a Strong Thesis Statement

        The thesis statement serves as the backbone of the argumentative essay. It should be concise, specific, and debatable, outlining the main point of the essay. A strong thesis provides a roadmap for the reader, guiding them through the writer’s stance and the key arguments to be presented.

        Conducting Thorough Research

        A well-researched essay is a powerful essay. Writers should delve into reliable sources, gathering data and evidence to support their claims. A combination of primary and secondary sources adds depth and credibility to the argument. Critical evaluation of sources is essential to ensure the accuracy and reliability of the information presented.

        Organizing the Essay Structure

        A well-organized structure enhances the readability and impact of an argumentative essay. The classical structure comprises an introduction, body paragraphs, and a conclusion. Each body paragraph should focus on a single point, providing evidence and analysis. Clear transitions between paragraphs create a seamless flow, aiding the reader’s understanding.

        Developing Strong Arguments

        Compelling arguments are characterized by clarity, relevance, and logical progression. Writers should anticipate counterarguments and address them strategically within the essay. The use of ethos, logos, and pathos—appealing to ethics, logic, and emotions, respectively—adds persuasive depth to the arguments.

        Embracing Ethical Writing Practices

        While the primary goal of an argumentative essay is persuasion, it is crucial to uphold ethical writing practices. This involves accurately representing sources, providing proper citations, and avoiding plagiarism. Ethical writing not only maintains the integrity of the essay but also enhances the writer’s credibility, reinforcing the trust of the audience.

        Tailoring Style to Audience and Purpose

        A nuanced understanding of the target audience and the essay’s purpose allows writers to adapt their writing style accordingly. Whether the essay is intended for a scholarly journal or a popular magazine, adjusting the tone, vocabulary, and level of formality can significantly impact how the argument resonates with readers.

        Utilizing Visuals and Multimedia

        Integrating visuals, such as graphs, charts, or multimedia elements, can enhance the persuasive impact of an argumentative essay. Visual representations of data not only provide additional evidence but also engage readers on a visual and emotional level, reinforcing key points and making the essay more memorable.

        In the intricate tapestry of argumentative essay writing, the tips outlined above serve as a comprehensive guide to navigating the complexities of persuasion. From the foundational elements of a strong thesis and thorough research to the nuances of language, counterargument incorporation, and ethical writing practices, each facet contributes to the overall efficacy of the essay. As writers continue to refine their skills in crafting persuasive arguments, they not only succeed academically but also develop a crucial life skill that extends to advocacy, critical thinking, and effective communication in diverse contexts. Embracing these top tips ensures that the journey from ideation to a compelling argumentative essay is both rewarding and impactful.


        In summary, exploring argumentative essay examples emphasizes their enduring relevance and adaptability. Through ethos, pathos, and logos, writers strategically craft compelling arguments, transcending academia to reflect and shape societal debates. The digital age further showcases their adaptability, with essays evolving into video and podcast formats. These examples not only enhance communication skills but also empower us to actively participate in shaping the conversations that define our shared reality. In embracing these lessons, we equip ourselves with valuable tools for navigating diverse perspectives in an ever-changing world.

        Frequently Asked Question (FAQs)

        An effective argumentative essay typically follows a clear structure. It begins with an introduction that presents the issue or topic, provides background information, and ends with a thesis statement that outlines the writer's stance. The body of the essay is divided into paragraphs, each focusing on a specific point or piece of evidence supporting the thesis. Counterarguments and rebuttals are also addressed within the body. Finally, a strong conclusion summarizes the main points and reinforces the thesis. Ensuring a logical flow between these sections is crucial for a well-organized and persuasive argumentative essay.

        Selecting a compelling topic is essential for a successful argumentative essay. To find the right subject, consider issues that spark controversy or have multiple perspectives. Additionally, choose a topic that genuinely interests you, as your enthusiasm will enhance the quality of your writing. Ensure the topic is relevant, timely, and has enough credible sources for research. It's also beneficial to narrow down broad topics to specific, manageable aspects to maintain focus and depth in your argument.

        Building a strong argument involves incorporating effective strategies to convince your audience. First and foremost, thoroughly research your topic to gather credible and relevant evidence. Present your ideas logically and coherently, using a combination of facts, statistics, examples, and expert opinions. Anticipate and address potential counterarguments to demonstrate a comprehensive understanding of the issue. Employ persuasive language and rhetorical devices to appeal to your audience's emotions, ethics, and logic. Finally, make sure to revise and edit your essay for clarity, coherence, and a polished presentation of your argument.

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